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Different Types of Alcohol
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What Is Alcohol?

Beer, wine, and liquor contain the intoxicating substance known as ethanol. The fermentation of yeast, sugars, and starches results in the production of alcohol. 

The Three Types Of Alcohol

Alcohol comes in three different forms: beer, wine, and liquor. Some alcoholic beverages contain more alcohol than others, which makes them more likely to lead to intoxication and alcohol poisoning more quickly and at lower doses.

What’s the Difference Between Distilled And Undistilled Alcohol?

Alcoholic beverages that have not undergone any distillation are those that have only undergone fermentation. Bacteria or yeast chemically transform sugar and starches into ethanol during fermentation. Wine and beer are the two most traditional non-distilled alcoholic beverages. Wine is produced from fermented grapes, and beer is produced from barley, wheat, and other grains.

After the fermentation stage, distilled alcoholic beverages go through another phase. By eliminating water and other ingredients, the distillation process concentrates the alcohol of fermented drinks, making them stronger. All liquor and spirits are distilled liquor, and unlike undistilled alcohols, they often contain greater alcohol by volume (ABV) and alcohol-proof levels.

Undistilled Alcoholic Drinks by Alcohol Content

There are numerous varieties of alcoholic beverages, and some of them have higher alcohol content than others. Higher alcohol content alcoholic beverages can quickly (and in lower doses) lead to intoxication and alcohol poisoning.

Here are the main undistilled alcohol types and their alcohol by volume.

Alcohol Type (Undistilled) Alcohol By Volume (ABV)
Beer 4% to 8%
Hard Cider 2% to 6%
Mead 10% to 14%
Saké 16%
Wine <14%

 

Distilled Alcoholic Drinks by Alcohol Content 

Distilled alcohol is stronger than undistilled and leads to feelings of intoxication more quickly.

Here are the main distilled alcohol types and their alcohol by volume.

Alcohol Type (Distilled) Alcohol By Volume (ABV)
Absinthe 40% to 90%
Brandy 35% to 60%
Everclear 60% to 95%
Gin 35% to 55%
Rum 40%
Tequila 40%
Vodka 40%
Whiskey 40% to 50%

 

As you can see, the range of alcohol content per drink can vary drastically. Not every alcoholic drink is equal, and it’s important to maintain awareness when mixing alcohol types. If you drink a smaller alcohol volume, such as a beer, and follow it up with something stronger like tequila or gin, you may feel drunker quicker.

Alcohol can lead to a series of dangerous habits or issues.

What Does Drinking Alcohol Do to Your Body?

Drinking alcohol frequently may cause the following symptoms [1]:

  • Thin your blood. Alcohol prevents your blood cells from sticking together.
  • Impact your immune system, causing white blood cells to respond slowly.
  • Puts you at risk of osteoporosis.
  • Causes erectile dysfunction in men.
  • Stop menstruation or infertility in women.
  • Cause circulatory problems.

What are the Dangers of Alcohol?

Alcohol can lead to a series of dangerous habits or issues. Drinking alcohol heavily can thin your blood. Habitual drinkers may also succumb to mixing alcohol with medications. This is extremely dangerous and may be lethal in some cases. Sometimes, alcohol addiction may be hard to curb, even for those who are pregnant. Drinking while pregnant can lead to fetal alcohol syndrome. [2]

What is Alcohol Use Disorder?

Alcohol use disorder is a pattern of drinking that includes issues with self-control, obsession with alcohol, or using alcohol even when it creates issues. Other signs of this illness include needing more alcohol to achieve the same impact or experiencing withdrawal when drinking is abruptly reduced or stopped. A level of drinking frequently referred to as alcoholism is a component of alcohol use disorder.

How Can You Tell if You’re Addicted to Alcohol?

Some signs of alcoholism include:

  • Lying about how much you’ve had to drink
  • Misremembering events
  • Relationship problems
  • Unable to stop after just one or two drinks
  • Missing deadlines or performing poorly at work
  • Notice an uptick in your alcohol tolerance
  • Trying to stop but having difficulty

Even if you exhibit one of these symptoms, it doesn’t indicate you necessarily have a drinking issue or are dealing with alcoholism or a substance addiction condition. However, you might want assistance if you notice several in yourself (or numerous in a loved one).

How Can You Repair Your Body After Years of Drinking?

The benefits of quitting alcohol are apparent once you stop. Your body can repair itself once you introduce a healthier lifestyle. A proper diet and exercise can help get your body back on track, but sometimes drinking may damage the brain. 

Sometimes, alcohol-related brain damage can be repaired once a person stops drinking. It depends on circumstances and varies from person to person.

What Happens to Your Body When You Stop Drinking Alcohol?

If you stop drinking, a few things can happen to your body. 

Alcohol Withdrawal

Alcohol withdrawal takes effect within the first 24 hours after your last drink. Heavy drinkers may experience tremors, mood swings, insomnia, nausea, and unpleasant side effects.

You Can Lose Weight

Alcohol is high in sugar, and cutting out alcohol may cause weight loss. 

Feel Healthier

Stopping drinking helps you feel healthier. Those who crave alcohol may benefit from zero-proof alcohol. Zero-proof alcohol is non-alcoholic wine, beer, and spirits. While it tastes like the real thing, it contains no alcohol, leading to a healthier you.

Alcohol Detoxification Timeline

Since everyone is unique, there is no set period during which alcohol withdrawal should occur. The duration and types of withdrawal symptoms experienced during detox will vary depending on the individual circumstances of each person undergoing it. In general, alcohol detox works like this:

Timeframe Effect
24 Hours Tremors, shakes, night sweats, anxiety, mood swings. 

Symptoms peak between 24 and 72 hours.

1 Week Delirium tremens, seizures, nightmares, insomnia
2 Weeks Most withdrawal symptoms are gone by the end of week one, but some may linger
3 Weeks and beyond Work on repairing psyche

 

What Treatments are Available for Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD)?

  • Intervention
  • Individual or Group Counseling
  • Attending Alcoholics Anonymous
  • Alcohol Rehab

 alcohol addiction

Frequently Asked Questions about Alcohol Use 

Here are some common questions about alcohol use:

What is the most common form of treatment for alcohol addiction?

The most common treatment method for alcohol addiction includes attending a 12-step program called Alcoholics Anonymous, also known as AA. However, in some cases, alcohol rehab may be necessary.

Is One Type of Alcohol More Addictive Than The Others?

Spirits like whiskey, vodka, and rum are the most addictive forms of alcohol on the market today. However, any form of alcohol may become addictive — it varies from person to person.

Is Beer “Safer” Than Liquor?

The alcohol content of a 12-ounce beer is comparable to that of a 5-ounce glass of wine or a 1.5-ounce shot of booze. The amount of alcohol ingested, not the kind of alcoholic drink, has the biggest impact on a person.

What are the steps to recovery from alcoholism?

When following the tenets defined by Alcoholics Anonymous[3], there are 12 steps to recovery:

  1. We admitted we were powerless over alcohol — that our lives had become unmanageable.
  2. We came to believe that a Power greater than ourselves could restore us to sanity.
  3. We made a decision to turn our will and our lives over to the care of God as we understood Him.
  4. We made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves.
  5. We admitted to God, to ourselves, and to another human being the exact nature of our wrongs.
  6. We’re entirely ready to have God remove all these defects of character.
  7. We humbly asked Him to remove our shortcomings.
  8. We made a list of all persons we had harmed and became willing to make amends to them all.
  9. We made direct amends to such people wherever possible, except when to do so would injure them or others.
  10. We continued to take personal inventory, and when we were wrong, we promptly admitted it.
  11. We sought through prayer and meditation to improve our conscious contact with God as we understood Him, praying only for knowledge of His will for us and the power to carry that out.
  12. Having had a spiritual awakening as the result of these Steps, we tried to carry this message to alcoholics and to practice these principles in all our affairs.

What is the life expectancy of a recovered alcoholic?

The average life expectancy of those who must be hospitalized due to the harmful effects of their alcoholism is 50 to 58 years for women and 47 to 53 years for men.

Can your liver heal after stopping drinking?

Alcohol is poisonous to your cells. Heavy drinking (defined as eight or more drinks for women and at least 15 for men per week) can damage the liver and cause cirrhosis, fatty liver, and other issues. [4]

The good news is that your liver can regenerate and mend itself.

Which is considered the most effective alcoholism treatment?

Rehab provides a well-rounded understanding of why you may struggle with alcohol addiction. Getting to the root gives clarity and allows you to work on overcoming barriers. 

Once the physical symptoms of alcoholism have subsided, rehab targets the emotional and mental impacts of alcoholism. Many alcoholics self-medicate with alcohol to cope with their personal, professional, and social stresses.

Can you quit drinking on your own?

While you can quit drinking on your own, it is not advised. Detoxing under medical supervision is important to ensure your body doesn’t go into shock. 

Alcohol rehab benefits those struggling with alcohol use disorder to recover and find peace in a compassionate setting. Rehab helps to regain control over your life and develop better coping mechanisms and habits.

You Don’t Have to Go it Alone

Recovery is not something you have to deal with alone. With respect and compassion, our team of caring medical professionals is here to support you as you deal with your alcohol use disorder. Please get in touch with us immediately to start getting your life back on track if you or someone you love is battling alcoholism.

Sources:

  1. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2022, April 14). Drinking too much alcohol can harm your health. learn the facts. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Retrieved January 17, 2023, from https://www.cdc.gov/alcohol/fact-sheets/alcohol-use.htm 
  2. Bayard, M., Mcintyre, J., Hill, K. R., & Jack Woodside, J. R. (2004, March 15). Alcohol withdrawal syndrome. American Family Physician. Retrieved January 17, 2023, from https://www.aafp.org/pubs/afp/issues/2004/0315/p1443.html?simple=True 
  3. The twelve steps. Alcoholics Anonymous. (n.d.). Retrieved December 29, 2022, from https://www.aa.org/the-twelve-steps  

 

Medical Content Writer

Amanda Stevens, B.S.

Amanda is a prolific medical content writer specializing in eating disorders and addiction treatment. She graduated Magnum Cum Laude from Purdue University with a B.S. in Social Work. As a person in recovery from disordered eating, she is passionate about seeing people heal and transform. She writes for popular treatment centers such as Ocean Recovery, Epiphany Wellness, The Heights Treatment, Infinite Recovery, New Waters Recovery and adolescent mental health treatment center BasePoint Academy. In her spare time she loves learning about health, nutrition, meditation, spiritual practices, and enjoys being the a mother of a beautiful daughter.

Last medically reviewed January 9, 2023